Wherever there is life, there is biotechnology

Simply exploitation of biological resources for profit motive is known as biotechnology. Biotechnology is research and development in the laboratory for exploration or extraction of useful products which can be beneficial to the society in one or the other way..
It would not be wrong to call biotechnology a sundry; it encompasses a range of disciplines like, Bio-engineering, Bioprocess Technology, Bio-robotics, Bioinformatics, Molecular Biology, Environmental Sciences, Animal cell culture, Biochemistry, Cell Biology, Embryology, Genetics, Microbiology and many more…………..…
The list is endless. From domestication of animals to cultivation of plants, production of insulin and many other proteins to artificial organs; every life related technology that is new to the world is a part of biotechnology. With a US $414.5 billion industry in the world, that time is not far away when the roads which are made, the houses in which we live and the food that we eat, all will be made via biotechnology.

Biotechology in India

The biotech industry aims to gain about US$10 billion revenue to our country in the incoming decade. Though not new, this discipline is not very old also in this country.
Classical biotechnology dates back to 1950 when this course was started in IIT, Kharagpur, with its establishment as the first IIT our country. With very slow speed, this discipline progressed in India. In 1970, young Indian researchers from UK, Austria, USA, came back to the country with knowledge of biotechnology. They applied their knowledge in agriculture (green revolution), as a result of which Indian agriculture was highly benefited. The decade of 80’s and 90’s experienced a massive breakthrough in biotechnology in our country, especially plant biotechnology. Biotechnology was introduced as a major subject in most Indian Universities and many private organisations also took interest in introduction of this subject